Last updated: October 9, 2020
- The Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Romania recommending that U.S. citizens reconsider travel to Romania due to COVID 19.
- Since February 26, 2020, Romania has confirmed 164,477 cases of COVID-19 within its borders. There are 5,601 confirmed deaths related to COVID-19.
- Post suspended all routine consular services in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently the Consular Section is able to provide limited routine services. Additional information is available below in “Consular Operations”.
- The Government of Romania extended the state of alert for 30 days starting September 15.
- The state of alert establishes the following:
- Mandatory wearing of “protection masks” in closed public spaces, stores, public transportation, at the workplace, in public outdoor spaces such as bus stops, open air markets, outdoor events, crowded urban and tourist areas, religious sites where people cannot practice social distancing and within 50 meters of schools. This is in addition to the wearing of protective masks in closed public spaces and excludes people who are physically active and children under five years old. County-level authorities will determine which areas will be subject to the requirement.
- Resumption of routine health care by appointment and opening of dental offices;
- Opening of hotels, small commercial centers, groceries, cleaners, opticians, stores with direct access to the outside, shopping malls, fitness clubs and outdoor swimming pools;
- Private indoor events or no more than 50 people and outdoor events of no more than 100 people (Government Decision of August 31, 2020).
Entry and Exit Requirements:
- Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? No, unless they meet one of the exceptions for entry listed in the Government Decision of August 16.
- U.S. citizens are not permitted to enter Romania unless they meet one of the specified exceptions. U.S. citizens wishing to know if they meet an exception for entry may consult the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website here or the Ministry of Interior’s website here (Romanian language only). They are also advised to contact the Romanian Embassy in their country of origin or the Romanian Border Police prior to departure. The Government of Romania also implemented non-European Economic Area (EEA) travel requirements reflecting the Council of the European Union’s (EU’s) June 30th recommendations, which prohibit non-essential EU travel for U.S. residents. Travelers may consult the European Commission’s webpage called “Re-open EU” for more information regarding travel restrictions throughout Europe.
- Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? No.
- Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes.
- Screening procedures are in place at the Otopeni “Henri Coanda” International Airport. The airport has three thermo scanners and partners with the Border Police and the Department of Public Health to collect questionnaires from the passengers arriving in the country and disseminate information concerning local measures and restrictions (https://www.bucharestairports.ro/en/coronavirus-recommandations).
- The Government of Romania released guidance with regard to visa and resident permit validity, available here. Documents of any visitor or resident of Romania that expired during the initial state of emergency will maintain validity for an additional 90 days from the end of the state of emergency (until August 12). Documents of any visitor or resident that expired during the state of alert will maintain validity for an additional 90 days from the end of the current state of alert (until October 14). However, the Romanian Government has clarified that travelers who obtained a Romanian visa, which has expired due to their inability to travel, must apply for a new visa before attempting to enter into Romania. Visitors are encouraged to depart Romania as soon as it is safe to do so. Visitors are also encouraged to contact the Romanian authorities for any questions regarding their specific circumstances and interpretation of this guidance, the application of which rests solely under the purview of local authorities.
- Is a curfew in place? No, however outdoor cafes and clubs are closed from 11 pm to 6 am.
- Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No.
- There are no restrictions on intercity travel with the exception of areas placed under localized quarantine. Information about the localities placed under lock down can be found on the website of the Romanian Ministry of Interior here.
- Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes. There are some exceptions but in general, U.S. citizens must quarantine. Quarantine requirements depend on whether the traveler’s point of departure is in a yellow zone or green zone, as designated by the National Institute of Public Health.
- On July 18, the Government of Romania passed a law authorizing the government to direct individuals into quarantine or home isolation. Quarantine applies to individuals who are returning travelers from areas with a high epidemiological risk or suspected contacts of confirmed cases. Isolation applies to confirmed cases, including for asymptomatic individuals and patients exhibiting symptoms. Travelers arriving from EEA or other countries with per capita case growth equal to or less than Romania’s will be exempt from 14 days of quarantine. Travelers may consult the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH)for a list of these countries. Individuals arriving from a yellow zone country may be exempted from quarantine if the duration of their trip to Romania is less than three days (72 hours) and they can present a negative COVID-19 test not older than 48 hours. Also, individuals placed in 14-day quarantine may leave quarantine on the 10th day if they take a COVID-19 test on day 8, the result is negative and they have no specific symptoms.
- The Government of Romania defined “close contact” with COVID-19 infected individuals to facilitate epidemiological investigations. The purpose of defining close contact to identify individuals designated for 14-day self-isolation following close contact with a COVID-19 confirmed infection. During the period of self-isolation, “close contact” individuals will be tested at the beginning and end of the two week period. The epidemiological investigation should not lead to the supervised isolation of other individuals not meeting “close contact” criteria. This includes:
- Persons living in the same household as a confirmed COVID-19 patient.
- Persons with direct physical contact with confirmed patients.
- Persons with unprotected direct contact (i.e. coughing)
- Persons in the same room (i.e. students) with a confirmed patient for a minimum of 15 minutes at a distance less than 2 meters.
- Medical personnel providing direct care to confirmed patients without proper protective equipment.
- The list of accredited facilities in Romania certified for RT-PCT COVID-19 testing can be found on the website of the Romanian Ministry of Health at http://www.ms.ro/centre-testare/. These facilities will prioritize tests for hospitalized patients, individuals suspected of being infected with COVID-19 and individuals who are in a high risk group. Depending on their availability, they may perform testing on demand and may set the cost of the tests performed on demand.
- Are commercial flights operating? Yes.
- The government has eased commercial flight and travel restrictions to countries with documented COVID-19 case reductions. Air carriers TAROM and Wizz Air have resumed operations to regional destinations with daily flights to regional destinations. European national carriers have resumed flights to airport hubs with connections to the United States, but an increasing number of countries have started to limit travel from Romania or require a negative COVID-19 test in order to enter due to an increase in case numbers. For additional information on travel restrictions when departing from Romania, travelers may consult the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website here. Travelers should continue to be prepared for last minute cancellations and may also consult the European Commission’s webpage called “Re-open EU” for more information regarding travel restrictions throughout Europe. Travelers should also visit the website of the Otopeni “Henri Coandă” International Airport.
- Is public transportation operating? Yes.
- Wearing of “protection masks” to cover the nose and mouth is mandatory in taxis, public transportation and public outdoor spaces such as bus stops, metro stops, train stations and airports. Taxi passengers may only sit in the back seats.
Fines for Non-Compliance:
The following penalties apply for violations of local rules and restrictions:
- Fines between 500 lei ($120) and 2,500 lei ($600) for violating the face mask requirements, quarantine or home isolation rules, movement restrictions, or restrictions concerning participation in indoor gatherings, concerts, meetings, cultural or religious events;
- Fines between 2,000 lei ($480) and 10,000 lei ($2,400) for conducting demonstrations, processions, concerts or other types of open space gatherings, as well as cultural, scientific, artistic, religious or entertainment activities in closed spaces;
- Fines between 3,000 lei ($720) and 15,000 lei ($3,600) for violation of restrictions in organizing demonstrations, processions, concerts or other types of open space gatherings, as well as cultural, scientific, artistic, religious or entertainment activities in closed spaces;
- State enforced quarantine in a state facility for individuals who violate the home isolation or home quarantine requirements, with expenses charged to the individual placed in state quarantine;
- Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the Consular Section is currently able to offer limited routine consular services. For additional information, please visit the U.S. citizen services page, or the pages related to passport services, Consular Reports of Birth Abroad or notarial services.
- The Consular Section is offering emergency special consular services, such as online prison visits, death services, victim assistance, welfare and whereabouts assistance, emergency citizenship services for U.S. citizens with an urgent need to travel, or who require a new passport for immigration purpose, and mission critical notary services only.
- Post is currently processing Mission Critical immigrant visas (IRs, CRs, age out cases and some fiance visas where there is a demonstrated emergency). For non-immigrant visas post is processing C1/D crew, H2As in food production, medical emergencies and interview waiver cases.
- Government of Romania’s official COVID-19 page
- Ministry of Public Health (http://www.ms.ro)
- Ministry of Public Health COVID-19 Guidance (http://www.ms.ro/coronavirus-covid-19/)
- Romanian National Institute of Public Health (https://instnsp.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/5eced796595b4ee585bcdba03e30c127)
- Department of Public Health (http://www.dspb.ro/)
- Department of Emergency Situations (http://www.dsu.mai.gov.ro/)
- Matei Bals National Institute of Infectious Disease – Bucharest (https://www.mateibals.ro/)
- Romanian Border Police (https://www.politiadefrontiera.ro/en/main/home.html)
- European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china)
- Ministry of Interior Affairs (https://www.mai.gov.ro/utile/, click on “Starea de Alerta”).