Last updated: 02/11/2021
*** Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions. Waivers to the testing requirement may be granted by the CDC on an extremely limited basis when extraordinary emergency travel (like an emergency medical evacuation) must occur to preserve someone’s health and safety, and testing cannot be completed before travel. There are no waivers available for individuals who test positive for COVID-19. For further information on waivers to testing please visit the following page: Waiver Process for CDC Order on pre-Flight Testing.
- The Department of State has issued a Level 3 Travel Advisory for Romania recommending that U.S. citizens reconsider travel to Romania due to COVID 19. The Centers for Disease Control issued a Level 4 Travel Notice for Romania. Please note that at this time U.S. citizens traveling on U.S. passports cannot enter Romania unless they meet one of the exceptions for entry. For additional information see the “Entry and exit requirements” below.
- Since February 26, 2020, Romania has confirmed 755,126 cases of COVID-19 within its borders. There are 19,200 confirmed deaths related to COVID-19.
- Post suspended all routine consular services in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently the Consular Section is able to provide limited routine services. Additional information is available below in “Consular Operations”.
- Due to the recent increase in COVID-19 cases, the Government of Romania announced restrictions that will remain in place for 30 days beginning January 13, 2021 and are subject to being renewed:
- Masks covering the mouth and nose are mandatory nationwide in indoor and outdoor public areas for individuals who have reached the age of five and above;
- Teleworking or staggered hours for employees;
- All schools will close and move to online;
- Public and private parties are banned;
- Indoor markets and fairs are closed;
- Stores will only open from 0500 to 2100, with the exception of food delivery, pharmacies, and gas stations.
- Nighttime curfew from 2300 to 0500, with the exception of transport to/from work, seeking medical assistance, purchasing medicine, or providing care to children/elderly. Professional or personal declaration forms are required for movement during this time; you can present a self-declaration for both personal and professional purposes, but you can also present a service card and employer declaration for professional travel (sample declaration forms are available here).
- Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Romania?
- If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes.
- The list of accredited facilities in Romania certified for RT-PCT COVID-19 testing can be found on the website of the Romanian Ministry of Health at http://www.ms.ro/centre-testare/. These facilities will prioritize tests for hospitalized patients, individuals suspected of being infected with COVID-19 and individuals who are in a high risk group. Depending on their availability, they may perform testing on demand and may set the cost of the tests performed on demand. The cost of COVID-19 testing on demand varies between $70 – $100 and is paid for by the U.S. citizen. Test results are delivered by email and text message. Positive test results are also included in the database of the Romanian Department of Public Health.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information:
- Has the government of Romania approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes.
- The government of Romania has approved the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines.
- The United States Government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
- The government of Romania launched an online platform dedicated to the vaccination campaign, where people can find information about the vaccination centers and will be able to register themselves for taking the vaccine. The registration may also be done by a family physician.
- Information from the CDC regarding COVID-19 vaccination.
Entry and Exit Requirements
- Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? No, unless they meet one of the exceptions for entry listed in the Government Decision.
- U.S. citizens are not permitted to enter Romania unless they meet one of the specified exceptions. U.S. citizens wishing to know if they meet an exception for entry may consult the Romanian Border Police’s website here Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website here. They are also advised to contact the Romanian Embassy in their country of origin or the Romanian Border Police prior to departure. The Government of Romania also implemented non-European Economic Area (EEA) travel requirements reflecting the Council of the European Union’s (EU’s) June 30th recommendations, which prohibit non-essential EU travel for U.S. residents. Travelers may consult the European Commission’s webpage called “Re-open EU” for more information regarding travel restrictions throughout Europe.
- Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? No.
- Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes.
- Screening procedures are in place at the Otopeni “Henri Coanda” International Airport. The airport has three thermo scanners and partners with the Border Police and the Department of Public Health to collect questionnaires from the passengers arriving in the country and disseminate information concerning local measures and restrictions (https://www.bucharestairports.ro/en/coronavirus-recommandations).
- The Government of Romania released guidance with regard to visa and resident permit validity. Visitors are also encouraged to contact the Romanian authorities for any questions regarding their specific circumstances and interpretation of this guidance, the application of which rests solely under the purview of local authorities.
- Is a curfew in place? No, however outdoor cafes and clubs are closed from 11 pm to 6 am.
- Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No.
- There are no restrictions on intercity travel with the exception of areas placed under localized quarantine. Information about the localities placed under lock down can be found on the website of the Romanian Ministry of Interior here.
- Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes.
- There are some exceptions but in general, U.S. citizens must quarantine. Quarantine requirements depend on whether the traveler’s point of departure is in a yellow zone or green zone, as designated by the National Institute of Public Health.
- On July 18, the Government of Romania passed a law authorizing the government to direct individuals into quarantine or home isolation. Quarantine applies to individuals who are returning travelers from areas with a high epidemiological risk or suspected contacts of confirmed cases. Isolation applies to confirmed cases, including for asymptomatic individuals and patients exhibiting symptoms. Travelers arriving from EEA or other countries with per capita case growth equal to or less than Romania’s will be exempt from 14 days of quarantine. Travelers may consult the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH)for a list of these countries. Individuals arriving from a yellow zone country may be exempted from quarantine if the duration of their trip to Romania is less than three days (72 hours) and they can present a negative COVID-19 test not older than 48 hours, or if they have received both doses of a COVID-19 vaccine and the second dose was administered at least 10 days prior to their arrival in Romania. Proof of vaccination is required, from a foreign or Romanian medical facility. Individuals placed in 14-day quarantine upon arrival may leave quarantine on the 10thday if they take a COVID-19 test on day 8, the result is negative and they have no specific symptoms.
- The Government of Romania defined “close contact” with COVID-19 infected individuals to facilitate epidemiological investigations. The purpose of defining close contact to identify individuals designated for 14-day self-isolation following close contact with a COVID-19 confirmed infection. During the period of self-isolation, “close contact” individuals will be tested at the beginning and end of the two-week period. The epidemiological investigation should not lead to the supervised isolation of other individuals not meeting “close contact” criteria. This includes:
- Persons living in the same household as a confirmed COVID-19 patient.
- Persons with direct physical contact with confirmed patients.
- Persons with unprotected direct contact (i.e. coughing)
- Persons in the same room (i.e. students) with a confirmed patient for a minimum of 15 minutes at a distance less than 2 meters.
- Medical personnel providing direct care to confirmed patients without proper protective equipment.
- Are commercial flights operating? Yes.
- The government has eased commercial flight and travel restrictions to countries with documented COVID-19 case reductions. European national carriers have resumed flights to airport hubs with connections to the United States, but an increasing number of countries have started to limit travel from Romania or require a negative COVID-19 test in order to enter due to an increase in case numbers. For additional information on travel restrictions when departing from Romania, travelers may consult the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website here. Travelers should continue to be prepared for last minute cancellations and may also consult the European Commission’s webpage called “Re-open EU” for more information regarding travel restrictions throughout Europe. Travelers should also visit the website of the Otopeni “Henri Coandă” International Airport.
- Is public transportation operating? Yes.
- Wearing of “protection masks” to cover the nose and mouth is mandatory in taxis, public transportation and public outdoor spaces such as bus stops, metro stops, train stations and airports. Taxi passengers may only sit in the back seats.
Fines for Non-Compliance
- The following penalties apply for violations of local rules and restrictions:
- Fines between 500 lei ($120) and 2,500 lei ($600) for violating the face mask requirements, quarantine or home isolation rules, movement restrictions, or restrictions concerning participation in indoor gatherings, concerts, meetings, cultural or religious events;
- Fines between 2,000 lei ($480) and 10,000 lei ($2,400) for conducting demonstrations, processions, concerts or other types of open space gatherings, as well as cultural, scientific, artistic, religious or entertainment activities in closed spaces;
- Fines between 3,000 lei ($720) and 15,000 lei ($3,600) for violation of restrictions in organizing demonstrations, processions, concerts or other types of open space gatherings, as well as cultural, scientific, artistic, religious or entertainment activities in closed spaces;
- State enforced quarantine in a state facility for individuals who violate the home isolation or home quarantine requirements, with expenses charged to the individual placed in state quarantine;
- Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the Consular Section is currently able to offer limited routine consular services. For additional information, please visit the U.S. citizen services page, or the pages related to passport services, Consular Reports of Birth Abroad or notarial services.
- The Consular Section is offering special consular services for U.S. citizens, such as online prison visits, death services, victim assistance, or welfare and whereabouts assistance, citizenship services for U.S. citizens who require a U.S. passport or Consular Report of Birth Abroad, and notary services for U.S. citizens only.
- Post is currently processing Mission Critical immigrant visas (spouses and children of U.S. citizens, age out cases, and fiancé visas). For non-immigrant visas post is processing C1/D crew, H2As in food production, students, medical emergencies and interview waiver cases. Some other non-immigrant visas may be accepted for emergency appointments on a case by case basis.
- Government of Romania’s official COVID-19 page
- Ministry of Public Health (http://www.ms.ro)
- Ministry of Public Health COVID-19 Guidance (http://www.ms.ro/coronavirus-covid-19/)
- Romanian National Institute of Public Health (https://instnsp.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/5eced796595b4ee585bcdba03e30c127)
- Department of Public Health (http://www.dspb.ro/)
- Department of Emergency Situations (http://www.dsu.mai.gov.ro/)
- Matei Bals National Institute of Infectious Disease – Bucharest (https://www.mateibals.ro/)
- Romanian Border Police (https://www.politiadefrontiera.ro/en/main/home.html)
- European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china)
- Ministry of Interior Affairs (https://www.mai.gov.ro/utile/, click on “Starea de Alerta”).
- Other links: